Natural Sciences

Biology / Veterinary Preparation

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For degree, see Academic Preparation, below.

Overview

The Biology / Veterinary Preparation track is designed for students who have demonstrated an interest in the field of veterinary medicine. Students interested in this track will be designated as pre-Health Profession and will be tracked for progress throughout their academic career at the Mount. At the College, we prepare students for several pre-Health Profession programs: Dentistry, Medicine, Physical Therapy, Physician Assistant, Podiatry, and Veterinary.

Academic Preparation

Choice of Major.  No veterinary school requires a specific major of its applicants; however, they recognize the importance of a strong foundation in the natural sciences which includes biology, chemistry, physics, and mathematics. The current pre-Health Profession curriculum offered at the College follows the course requirements recommended by the American Association of Medical Colleges (AAMC) and is similar to that offered by virtually all schools in the US.

It includes:

  • A year of Freshman Chemistry with laboratory
  • A year of Organic Chemistry with laboratory
  • A year of Biology with laboratory
  • A year of Physics with laboratory
  • A year of English
  • A year of Calculus or other advanced math classes, including Statistics

Although these course requirements can be met while pursuing any area of study at the College, they are embedded in the Biology major. The Division of Natural Science is of the opinion that completion of requirements for a BA in Biology best prepares the students for further studies in areas of their choosing. This is supported by a recent report "Scientific Foundations for Future Physicians" from the AAMC (Association of American Medical Colleges) and the Howard Hughes Medical Institute (HHMI), which recommended that pre-veterinary education evolve from a static listing of courses to a dynamic set of competencies.

The competencies defined as the knowledge, skill, or attitude that enables an individual to learn and perform in veterinary practice include the ability to:

  • Apply quantitative reasoning and appropriate mathematics to describe or explain phenomena in the natural world.
  • Demonstrate understanding of the process of scientific inquiry, and explain how scientific knowledge is discovered and validated.
  • Demonstrate knowledge of basic physical principles and their applications to the understanding of living systems.
  • Demonstrate knowledge of basic principles of chemistry and some of their applications to the understanding of living systems.
  • Demonstrate knowledge of how biomolecules contribute to structure and function.
  • Apply an understanding of the principles of how molecular and cell assemblies, organs, and organisms develop structure and carry out function.
  • Explain how organisms sense and control their internal environment and how they respond to external change.
  • Demonstrate an understanding of how the organizing principle of evolution by natural selection explains the diversity of life on earth.

All the competencies defined above are addressed in the Biology curriculum.

Development of personal attributes

Academic and scientific accomplishments, while important, are not sufficient for entry into pre-Health Profession programs. A critical aspect is the development of physician–patient relationship. It is expected that the incoming students be altruistic and dutiful. Students are expected to be aware of community and public health issues and understand that there are several complex, non–biological causes that can result in poor health. While a commitment to making evidence-based decisions is required, it is also expected that the future professionals will make ethical decisions, based on compassion, respect, and integrity.

Program Requirements (pre-requisites, minimum GPAs)

Students declaring an interest in this concentration will be designated as pre-Health Profession, and will be tracked for progress throughout their academic career. The advisory committee will write a joint recommendation letter in support of a student’s candidacy only if the student has met the criteria listed below.

  1. Maintain an overall GPA of 3.4 the first year and then an average of 3.4 or better in science classes taken at the College, with a minimum grade of B- in each of the required science courses.
  2. Be an active participant in the "pre-Health Profession Club.” This would require an active participation in activities that demonstrate a commitment to leadership, altruism, and duty in the community. Students would be required to:
     
    • Develop, organize, and implement community activities such as volunteering, talks, and presentations
    • Volunteer in both clinical and non-clinical settings
    • Be a mentor
    • Attend a minimum of four club meetings per year
  3. Maintain a portfolio that documents both academic and non-academic activities. Students will be responsible for updating it annually.
  4. Set up an advisory committee in their junior year.
  5. Meet with their academic advisor every semester to have a continued dialog about meeting goals and expectations.
  6. Attend an orientation seminar during their first year at the College.
  7. Undertake an independent project / research here at the College or at other institutions (optional but highly recommended).
  8. Take the appropriate graduate entrance exam, MCAT, DAT, GRE, in the spring of their junior year.
  9. Complete the appropriate application to the graduate school of choice in the summer of their junior year.
  10. Initiate an interview with the pre-Health Profession Committee to discuss the application progress in the fall of their senior year.
  11. Inform the pre-Health Profession Committee of the application outcome.

Where Mount Students Have Interned
 

  • Walt Disney World Animal Kingdom
  • West Point Forestry Technician
  • Wadsworth Center, state health laboratory at Albany
  • Brookhaven National Laboratory, Science Undergraduate Laboratory Internships
  • The Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Minority Student Summer Research Opportunity
  • University of Tennessee, Memphis Immunology Laboratory
  • University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, Microbiology Laboratory

Career Options

The veterinary profession encompasses those practitioners of animal health care who have a doctoral degree in veterinary medicine and a license to practice veterinary medicine. Specifically, the Doctor of Veterinary Medicine (DVM) diagnoses, administers drugs and appliances, and provides a variety of treatments to cure or prevent any injury or disease of an animal. Surgical procedures include cosmetic surgery. Diagnosis and treatment of sterility problems is an important aspect of veterinary medicine, including embryo transplants.

Career Outlook

The projected national employment outlook predicts a 25.8% increase in jobs for healthcare practitioners and those in technical occupations.

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